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全新托福词汇表(一)

发布时间:2007-9-19 文字大小:  打印:打印此文

abandon [E`bAndEn] (a-=at在,ban禁止,-d-, -on名词后缀,这里作动词)v.抛弃,放弃
desert; depart; discard; quit; relinquish; forsake
abase [E`beis] (a-=to, base 低)v.降低;贬低
belittle; debase; degrade; disgrace; humiliate; humble
abash [E`bAF] (a-出, bash 打→震惊)v.使羞愧;使困窘
shame; embrass; confound; timid
abate [E`beit] (a=to, bat打)v.减少,减轻
reduce; lessen; decrease; diminish
abbreviate [E`bri:vieit] (ab-=to, brev短,简,-i-,are动词后缀)v.缩短,缩写;简略
shorten; curtail; condense; abridge; abridge; compress
abbreviation [Ebri:vi`eiFEn] (-ation名词后缀)n.省略,略语
abdicate [Abdikeit] (ab-离开,dic说→宣布,-ate动词后缀;“宣布离开”)v.放弃;退位
renounce; resign; abandon; quit
abdomen [AbdEmen] (人体的)腹部
belly
abduct [Ab`dQkt] (ab-离开,duct带)v.绑架; 诱拐
kidnap; snatch; carry off
abet [E`bet] (a-=to, bet 诱使)v.教唆;唆使
incite; promote; urge; prompt back; spur
abeyance [E`beiEns] (a-=to, at, bey等待,-ance名词后缀)n.暂缓;暂时无效
temporary suspension; postponement
abhor [Eb`hC:] (ab-离开,hor战栗)v.憎恨;厌恶
hate; detest; despise; loathe; dislike
abhorrent [Eb`hCrEnt] (-r-, -ent形容词后缀) a.憎恶的
hateful; detestable; loathsome
abide [E`baid] (a-加强意义,bid逗留,停留)v.遵守;坚持;忍受
continue; endure; last; bear; stand
abject [AbdVekt] (ab-离开,ject投掷;“被抛弃的”)a.可怜的;悲惨的
miserable; wretched; pitiful
abjure [Eb`dVuE] (ab-离开,jur发誓)v.发誓弃绝;公开放弃
renounce; abstain from
ablution [E`blu:FEn] (ab-离开,lut洗,-ion 名词后缀)n.沐浴
bath; bathing; purification; washing; cleansing
abnegate [Abnigeit] (ab-离开,neg否定,-ate动词后缀)v.放弃
relinquish; give up
abnormal [Ab`nC:mEl] (ab-离开,norm标准,-al…的)a.反常的;异常的
irregular; eccentric; odd; insane; unnatural
abode [E`bEud] (bod←bid 逗留; 停留; “逼留的地方”)n.住所;房屋
residence; home; dwelling place; house
abolish [E`bCliF] (ab-离开,ol=olesc=alesc长大,-ish动词后缀)v.取消;废除;废止
cancel; destroy; eliminate; eradicate
abominable [E`bCminEbl] 可厌的;可恶的
aboriginal [,AbE`ridVEnl] (ab-从,origin开始,起源,-al…的)a.原来的;土著的
primitive; native
abortion [E`bC:FEn] (ab-离开,ort开始,-ion名词后缀;“刚开始就离开”)n.流产,早产;失败
miscarriage; failure
abortive [E`bC:tiv] (-ive…的)a.早产的;失败的
unavailing; failing
abound [E`baund] (ab-离开,-o-, und波)v.充满;多;富于
overflow; flourish; be plentiful
abrade [E`breid] (ab-离开,rad根)v.擦掉;擦;磨
erode; scrape; rub off; grind
abreast [E`brest] 肩并肩地
abridge [E`bridV] (a-=to, bridg短)v.删节,节略;削减;剥夺
abbreviate; curtail; curtail; contract; reduce; lessen; diminish
abrogate [AbrEugeit] (ab-离开,rog要求,-ate动词后缀)v.取消,废止
abolish; repeal
abrupt [E`brQpt] (ab-脱离,rupt断裂)a.突然的;意外的;陡峭的
sudden; hasty; curt; unexpected
abscond [Eb`skCnd] (abs- =ab-离开,cond 藏)v.潜逃;开小差
escape flee; quit; decamp; s; away
absentee [,AbsEn`ti:] (abs-=ab-离开,ent存在,-ee表示人)n.缺席者
one who is absent
absolute [AbsElju:t] (ab-从, solu松开)a.无限的; 绝对的; 完全的
definitive; entire; free; shee; utter
absolve [Eb`zClv] (ab-从,solv解开,松开) v.免除;宣告无罪
discharge; forgive; free; release; pardon; exempt
absorb [Eb`sC:b] (ab-从,sorb吸,吮进)v.吸收;吸引
digest; engulf; enthral; immerse soak up; drink in
abstain [Eb`stein] (abs-离开,tain保持;持有)v.戒除;节制;弃权
avoid; desist; refrain; resist; give up
abstinence [AbstinEns] (abs-离开,tin保持;持,-ence名词后缀)n.戒除;节制;禁戒
forbearance; moderation; refraining
abstract [AbstrAkt] (abs-离开,tract拉→抽)n.抽象;提要;概括
abridgment; summary
abstraction [Ab`strAkFEn] (-ion名词后缀)n.抽出;抽象;分离
absorption; isolation; separation

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