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托福 PP词汇精选

发布时间:2007-11-19 文字大小:  打印:打印此文

TOEFL PP(ETS TOEFL CBT SOFTWARE) 词汇精选

pp new 
forsook==left 
feed==satisfied 
signature==identify character 
standardize==uniform 
orientation==arrangement 
terrain ==ground 
delineate ==outline 
prescribe==assign 
promote==contribute 
indicator==signs 
component==element 
common==share 
broad==general 
overlapped==sharing characteristics 
compelled==persuaded 
drive==push 
substantially==significantly 
stumbled upon==accidental 
adapt==modified 
tedious==tiresome 
facilitating==easing 
freezing==halting 
contexts==settings 
accommodate==allow for 
pounding==hitting 
conspicuous==noticeable 
assess==evaluate 
toxin==poison 
diverge==move apart 
depicted==presented 

advent--introduce(不确定) 
a matter of speculation——supposition(speculation的同义词) 
adjusted--modificated 
advance--improvement 
accumulate—— collect/press down, 
(它在原文的句子是the diamonds accumulate in the 什么地方,是因为它的什么什么的
特点) 
appeal——attraction 
attachment to ——preference for 
array=range n.排列, 编队, 军队, 衣服, 大批 vt.部署, 穿着, 排列 
attendant—— accompanying 
ascribed to——assumed to be true of 
afford——provide/purchase/originate/require 
available——obtainable 
Admit=let in 
apparent——obvious 
alert 

breed--reproduce 
budding 
brilliant——bright 
barriers 
boost ——raise 
boom——expansion 
beneficial——advantageous 

chisel==carve 
counter of——in the opposite of 
constantly -----regularly(i guess) 
classic——typical 
close——careful (其他选项为 final/instant/restricted) n. 结束 
couple——associate 
commemorate——celebrate 
correspondence 一致 harmonies 
confine——limit 
camouflage——hide 
Critical = significant 
critical ——important 
critical ——essential 
constituent——component 
counterpart ——version 
consequently——therefore / thus 
convert——transform 

devoted to——dependent on/concentrated on/related to 
发明和entrepreneurial risks were devoted to the..... which has no certain 
profit. 
distribute = spread 
disturb—upset 
debate——argue 
decretive 
detrimental——harmful 
dispersal 
daring —— bold 
diffuse——travel 
dispute——argument 
dangle——hung hang 
diversity——varied 
determining--calculating(句中选) 

exhibit--feature(句中选) 
endangered<-->abundant(反义词,句中选) 
entail----involve 
enrich(enhance,enlarge,conceal,根据上下文有可能选conceal,我选enhance), 
explored, 
earnest 
establishment——formation 
enclosure——surrounding 
ease 
era——period 
enormous——凶暴的,巨大的 
enhance ——improve or enlarge 
elaborate adj.精心制作的, 详细阐述的, 精细 vt.精心制作, 详细阐述 v.详细描述 
embedded——encased 
essentially adv.本质上, 本来 
even——already 恰好,正当 
词汇不难,其中有even--already题.在But, even by the end of时间...,..... 
expendable —— unprofitable 
expose to——subject to 
exert——cause 
expanse——area 

fast (go without food) (not sure !!!, donot affect you adversely) 
forage==feed 
finding 
flourishing——thriving 
fragment——break up 

gap 
game——animals 
highlight/layer---inner 
hider-interfere 
heightening——increasing 
host——great number 
世纪末19世纪初美国制造业的革新.其中有一题 
tailors, butchers and a (host) of trades began to ... 
hub——center, 
hollow n.洞, 窟窿, 山谷 adj.空的, 虚伪的, 空腹的, 凹的 adv.<口>彻底vi.形成空洞 
vt.挖空, 弄凹 
hamper——make difficulty 
heed——notice 
hold —— propose 
hold——keep up 
heighten——increase 

initiate =begin; 
in spite of that : HOWEVER 
immediately: closest( 说类人猿是人类最近的进化祖先) 
Indemention Ingemination indemnification 
In quantity——in a large amount of 
inauspicious——unfavorable 
intimidating 威吓, 胁迫 
incidental——minor point 
incoherently 无条理的 
incorporate——include 
illusion n.幻想 
immense adj.极广大的, 无边的, <口>非常好的 
ingenuity n.机灵, 独创性, 精巧, 灵活性 
ingenuity—— resourcefulness 
ingenious adj.机灵的, 有独创性的, 精制的, 具有创造才能 
inhibit ——hindered inhibit 
invade —— move into 
invaluable——highly useful 

jolting ——shocking 

key——significant 

lack——without 
linked——connected 

monopolize form --dominate 
motif--pattern 
monitored——observed 
magnitude——extend 
minutely adv.详细地, 精密地 
minutely——finely 
minute ——tiny 
minuscule——tiny 
modification——alteration(另有clarification), 
milestone——significant development 
monotonous——boring 

nature——character 
notwithstanding ——despite 
note--record 

obscured- conceal 
obtain ——acquire 

primitive: early 
purchase==grip vt.买, 购买 n.买, 购买 
当时选了 benifit,认为是好处之意,现在想来,还是grip(抓住)更好 
principle (two times) 1 noun form i guess means—— rule 
principal——main 
proximity——closeness 
procurement——obtain 
Procure===obtain 
pore——hole 
prior ----- past 
predicament: difficult situation 
predicament——serious situation 
perspective, n.透视画法, 透视图, 远景, 前途, 观点, 看法, 观点, 观察 
protruding——projecting 
punctual 
Punctual----没有直接对应选项(carefully(my key 表示时间精确 not sure) 
potential——possible 
presumable——probably 
primary——dominant 
previously——before 
pronounced——strong 
pose==present 

ramification——consequence 
redundancy 
remarkable——incredible 
revolutionous——quick discarding 
revolutional ——quick discarding/(我选了change,回来查字典发现我错了) 
revolution——dramatical change 
rigorous——demanding. 
refreshing——unusual 
relevant adj.有关的, 相应的 
ritual n.典礼, (宗教)仪式, 礼节 adj.典礼的, (宗教)仪式的 
rupture——burst 
radical——extreme 
remote——far away 

specified : stated 
silhouette =outline 
solicit==request 
severe--harsh 
sacred--holy 
strict 
staple--important 
simultaneous 
soaked——absorbed 
split——divided 
scorching——exceeding hot 
site——location 
stay 
singularly——particularly 
stint 紧缩节省 
slightest 最轻微的 
sparingly 节俭地 
spur——stimulus 
staggering 惊人的,巨大的 
stunned——hindered 
stunt v.阻碍...发育, 妨碍...生长, 作惊人表演, 使绝招 n.发育迟缓, 矮小的人(或
物), 惊人表演, 绝技 
sumptuous——luxurious 
seek 
shield——protect 
shrink < > spread(反义) 
significant—— meaningful (obvious is not right) 
spawn——create 
spot——identify 
snap——break 
shied away from——avoid 

tendency==inclination 
teemed with——were full of 

unqualified =complete; 
utilitarian =functional 
universally——without exception 
unrestricted——unlimited 
undergone——experienced 
uniform 

volatile-- 
vexing----difficult ( i guess) 
vast——immense 
vast——great 
vehicle——means 
variability==tendency to change 

wear——use 
whatever ——in any case/ at any rate/at all event 
wary——cautious 
way station——stop 

yield——provide 


一些主题性/特征性词汇 

petrifaction 
sunspot cycle 
TROJAN ASTROID 
Luminescence 
Squid 
wear the uniform 
reservation 
incubate 
thread-线 
clan 
mound building mound 
secretion 
altruism 
idealist 
heat exchanger 
equator 
anthropologist 
big bang 宇宙大爆炸 
thunderstorm 
ozone 
fresco 
biochemistry 
yeast 
substitute 
sonar 
photosynthesis 
radical and controversial 
land drop 
termite 
mangrove 
mediterranean sea 
anthropology 
architecture 
botany n.植物学 
biochemistry 
climatology 
fungi 
forage==feed n.草料 
gaseous 
heal 治疗 
inkstone 
lava 火山岩 
moth 蛾子 
supreme court 最高法院 
Prehistoric 
solicitor 律师 
tort 民事侵权行为 

 

pp中的单词替换 
game-->animals teemed with-->were full of 
pronounced-->strong fragment-->break up 
establishment-->formation consequently-->therefore 
heighten-->increase previously-->before era-->period 
driven-->pushed poses-->presents 
variability-->tendency to change 
substantially-->significantly monitored-->observed 
capable of using-->able to use shift-->change 
forsook-->left 
signature-->identifying characteristics 
standardized-->uniform 
orientation-->arrangement terrain-->ground delineate-->outline 
prescribing-->assigning promotes-->contributes to 
indicators-->signs obviously-->clearly components-->elements 
common-->shared broad-->general overlapping-->sharing characteristics 
compelled-->forced stumbled upon-->accidental adapted-->modified 
tedious-->tiresome facilitating-->easing freezing-->halting 
contexts-->settings accommodate-->allow for pounding-->hitting 
conspicuous-->noticeable assess-->evaluate 
toxin-->poison diverge-->move apart depicted-->presented 
precision-->accuracy obvious-->clear feed-->satisfy 
sources-->supplies means-->methods flourishing-->thriving 
univerisally-->without exception anxious-->eager 
at bay-->under control soaked up-->absorded split-->divided 
scorching-->exceedingly hot attributed-->credited 
successive-->subsequent stimulates-->causes scarcity-->shortage 
encourageed-->promoted vast-->great affords-->provides 
remote-->far away available-->obtainable vehicle-->means 
in essence-->basically constitutes-->consists of 
gradually-->little by little diminished-->reduced 
diversity-->variety expanses-->areas prior-->past 
acceleration-->speeding up essential-->fundamental 
outgroeth-->result incentive-->motive impede-->obstruct 
severe-->large convert-->transform magnitude-->extent 
beneficial-->advantageous envisioned-->conceived of 
scan-->examine orbiting-->revoling power-->strength 
cases-->situations exhibit-->show unusual-->uncommon 
thus-->consequently constant-->continued sequence-->succession 
attain-->reach on the other hand-->however solitary-->lone 
rotates-->turns allocates-->designates spoken for-->claimed 
status-->position in its own right-->independent 
conceiving-->imagining support-->sustain alternative-->option 
sequence-->order periodic-->regular elsewhere-->in other places 
hampering-->restricting accelerated-->speeded up 
subjected to-->placed under adjacent-->nearby account for-->explains 
roughly-->approximately puzzle-->question convert-->transform 
spend-->use practical-->realistic critical-->important 
tracing-->following vital-->important components-->parts 
occasionally-->sometimes aquatic-->marine apparently-->seemingly 
conveys-->communicatates reacting-->responding repel-->ward off 
waves-->groups rocked-->moved capital-->money prevailing-->dominant 
laden-->filled split-->divided anticipated-->expected 
liabilities-->limitations compelling-->powerful nature-->quality 
reinforced-->strengthened discovers-->learns result-->consequence 
dislodge-->remove tasks-->responsibilities forage for-->hunt for 
dissemination-->spread advocating-->recommending 
little more than-->simply mere-->insignificant flavor-->essence 
dispersal-->distribution segment-->part complex-->elaborate 
proposed-->hypothesized variation-->change subsequently-->afterward 
inquiring-->curious alternative-->different reproduce-->copy 
adorn-->decorate suggests-->indicates refined-->perfected 
pinnacle-->high point recurred-->reappeared 
rather-->instead at least-->at the minimum accompany-->join

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