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托福词汇大汇总

发布时间:2007-8-30 文字大小:  打印:打印此文


 Q
quaint quaint古怪有趣的,精巧的
qualification qualification n.资格,限定
quarry quarry n.采石场,猎物,(知识等)来源
quench quench v.熄灭,平息,镇压
quest quest v.寻求
quiescent quiescent (qui安静)a.安静的,静止的
quilt quilt 被子quail鹌鹑
 R
radar radar雷达
radiation radiation 放射,发光,放热
radical radical 激进的,根本的,激进分子
radius radius半径,范围diameter直径
raft raft木筏
ragtime ragtime拉格泰姆黑人音乐,滑稽的
rally rally v.重整旗鼓,恢复精力,n.汽车拉力赛,集会
rampant rampant a.猖獗的,蔓生的,狂暴的
rancher rancher牧场主,牧工ranch大农场ranching放牧
range range范围,山脉,射程
range from sth. to sth. range from sth. to sth. 从...到...不等
rarefy rarefy v.使稀少,稀薄
ration ration  v./n.定量分配,配给
rattlesnake rattlesnake响尾蛇
raven raven乌鸦 v.掠夺
readjust readjust重新调整
realm realm领土,领域
rear rear n./a.后面(的)v.养育,培养
rebellion rebellion 谋反,反抗rebel v.反叛,反叛者
receptacle receptacle 容器,花托,插座
receptor receptor神经接收细胞,接收器
recipe recipe食谱,处方
recipient recipient接受人,容纳者,容器,容易接受的
recognise recognise v.承认,识别,认可
reconstruct reconstruct v.重建,改造,推想
recreation recreation娱乐,消遣recrative消遣的,休养的
rectangle rectangle(rect直angle角) n.长方矩形rectangular a.
recycle recycle  v.使再循环,回收
redirect redirect vt.(信件)重寄,使改道,使改变方向
reed reed芦苇,芦笛flute笛子
refine refine提炼refinery炼油厂
refined refined精制的,优雅的refinement n.
reflection reflection反射,倒影,反思
refraction refraction(fract断)折射
refreshing refreshing提神的,凉爽的
refreshment refreshment (常pl.)点心,饮料,精力恢复
refrigerate refrigerate vt.使冷却,冷藏refrigerator冰箱
regenerate regenerate使新生,改革,革新
regime regime n.整体,政权
regimentation regimentation n.管辖,团队精神regiment团
regulate regulate vt.正规管制,控制,调节
regulatory regulatory按照规矩来的,调整的,规范的
rehabilitate rehabilitate 使康复,使复职,使恢复名誉
reign reign vi./n.统治,统治时期rein缰绳reigning统治
reinterpret reinterpret vt.重新解释reinterpretion纠正性说明
reject reject 拒绝,不及格者
release release v./n.释放,版本,发表
remainder remainder残余,剩余物
remanence remanence剩磁,剩余物
render render递交,致使render sb. sth.使某人。。。
renounce renounce放弃(信仰,法律),断绝关系
rent rent租金,出租;分裂的,有矛盾的
reorient reorient vt.重新确定研究方向,再教育
replace replace代替,取代
replenish replenish(ple满)重新补充deplete弄空
representation representation 代表,体现
reproduce reproduce繁殖,增加,复制,使重现reproductive
reptile reptile爬行动物
repute repute名声(中性词)
resemble resemble vt.象,类似
reservior reservior水库,贮存
residue residue残渣
respective respective分别的,各自的
restoration restoration n.恢复,复职,重建,翻新
restrict restrict vt.限制,禁止restriction
retail retail(tail剪)零售retailer零售商
retain retain vt.保持,保留
retool retool  v.将机械重新整备,重组
retreat retreat 撤退,后退
retrieve retrieve v.重新得到,n.找回
reveal reveal vt.展现,暴露
reverend reverend 可敬的,尊敬的(教士)revere v.
reverse reverse v.倒转,n.反面
revise revise(vis看) vt.修改
revitalization revitalization n.新生,复兴(使重新充满活力)
revival revival n.苏醒,复活revive v.
rhetoric rhetoric修辞学
rhythm rhythm n.节奏,韵律
ridge ridge山脊range山脉
rift rift裂口,裂缝,长峡谷,不和
rigidity rigidity n.僵化,硬度rigid a. frigid寒冷的
riot riot暴动
ripen ripen vi./vt成熟 rip裂缝ripe熟的
rite/ritual rite/ritual(宗教,传统)固定的仪式
rival rival竞争对手v.和...竞争,相匹敌
roam roam v.漫游
robust robust精力充沛的
rod rod竹竿,鱼杆
roost roost n./v.栖木,栖息rooster雄禽,公鸡
roust roust v.惊起,唤醒,驱逐
rotate rotate v.使旋转rotary旋转的
rubble rubble碎石,瓦砾
rudimentary rudimentary 原始的,根本的,未发展的rude粗鲁
rupture rupture v./n.断裂,断绝(关系等)corrupt腐败
rural rural乡村的urban城市的
rustproof rustproof不锈的,v.使不生锈
 S
sack sack麻袋 v.解雇
sacred sacred神圣的
saddle saddle n.马鞍,v.承受
sample sample样本
sanctimonious sanctimonious(sanct神圣monious状态)假装神圣的
sanction sanction(使神圣) n./v.批准
sanctuary sanctuary避难所,鸟兽保护区
sanitation sanitation n.卫生,卫生设施sanitate v.
satire satire n.讽刺,讽刺文学satiric讽刺的
saturate saturate(sat满) v.使饱和,浸透satisfy满足
scale scale鱼鳞,比例v.攀登,测量
scarce scarce稀少的,不足的
scare scare v./a.惊吓scared恐惧的
scatter scatter v.分散
scavenger scavenger n.清道夫,食腐动物
scenery scenery风景的总称
scenic scenic风光的,布景的n.风景照片scenic spot
scent scent味,香味,嗅觉
scheme scheme方案,计划,阴谋
score score 分数,帐目,起跑线,二十scores乐谱
scramble scramble(amble小跑) n./v.攀爬crumble v.弄碎
scratch scratch v.乱涂,抓,搔n.抓痕
screen screen银幕v.掩盖
screw screw 螺丝钉screw driver改锥
scruple scruple n./vi.犹豫,顾虑unscrupulous肆无忌惮的
scuba scuba水中呼吸器(self underwater breathing aparatus) scuba-diving n.配戴水肺的潜水
sculpture sculpture v./n.雕刻scupt v.sculptor雕刻家 sculptural雕刻的
sea cucumber sea cucumber海黄瓜,海参
seabed seabed n.海底,海床
seaport seaport n.海港,港口城市
sea-ear sea-ear鲍鱼
secrete secrete vt.隐秘,分泌secretion分泌物
sect sect n.宗派,教派,流派,段
sectional sectional部分的,可组合的
sector sector部门,部分,象限,扇区
secular secular世俗的mundane/unreligious
securely securely安全地,坚固地
sediment sediment(sed坐)沉淀物
seedling seedling幼苗
segment segment n.节,段,片段,节肢动物的一节
seismal seismal地震的seism地震seismology地震学
self-sufficient self-sufficient自给自足的
semimolten semimolten半熔化的
sensibility sensibility理智sensible明智的,通情达理的
sensitive sensitive敏感的
sensimental sensimental多愁善感的
sequence sequence n.次序,顺序in the sequence
sequential sequential连续的,有序的
serene serene平静的,安详的
serrate/serrated serrate/serrated(ser刺儿)锯齿状的
set aside set aside留出,取消
setting setting背景,环境,安装
sewer sewer下水道sewerage排水系统
shatter shatter v./n.粉碎
shear shear v.修剪shears剪刀
shed shed v.(头发)脱落,流血shed blood
sheer sheer纯粹的
shelter shelter  v./n.掩蔽处food and shelter食住
shepherd shepherd牧羊犬
shield shield n.盾v.保护(from)
shifting shifting n.狡猾a.转瞬即逝的
ship ship v.运送
shipwright shipwright(wright制造人)造船工人cartwright车匠
short-range short-range短射程的
shriek shriek尖叫
shrink shrink收缩
shrub shrub(rub擦)灌木丛shrubbery
shutter shutter百叶窗
shuttle shuttle梭子,往返汽车v.穿梭往返
signify signify表示,意味
silicon silicon硅
silversmith silversmith银匠
simultaneous simultaneous同时的nistantaneous即刻的
scepticism/skepticism scepticism/skepticism怀疑论sceptic/skeptic怀疑者
skull skull头颅
slab slab厚平板
slice slice薄片v.切片
slide slide v./n.滑行landslide山崩
slope slope斜坡,斜面
sloth sloth n.懒惰,树懒slothful偷懒的
slowbreeding slowbreeding养育起来很慢的
smother smother v.窒息,把人闷死
smuggle smuggle n./v.走私
snap snap 使劈啪响,突然折断,猛咬
snappish snappish脾气暴躁的
snippet snippet片段,摘录snip剪
snowflake snowflake雪花
snug snug温暖舒适的cozy
social distinction social distinction社会身份
solder solder n./v.焊接soldier战士
solemn solemn严肃的,隆重的sole单独的
solidarity solidarity n.巩固,团结
solidify solidify v.使凝固,使团结,巩固
solitary solitary(sole)孤独的solitary reaper收割者  gregarious群居的
solo solo 独奏曲,单独的
soluble soluble可溶解的
solution solution n.解决办法,溶液,溶解
soothe soothe vt.安慰,使(痛苦)减轻
sophisticate sophisticated诡辩的,老于事故的,设备精致的
sophistication sophistication n.  sophist诡辩家
sort sort n./v.种类,分类assorted什锦的
soybean soybean大豆
spacecraft spacecraft航天器,太空船(单复数相同)
spacious spacious广大的,大规模的
span span n./v.跨度,横越life span人的寿命
span over span over 横跨过去
sparing sparing节俭的,保守的spare 多余的,节省,宽恕
spark spark火花,闪烁
sparse sparse稀少的,稀疏的sparse hairs
spawn spawn n./v.鱼卵,产卵
specialize specialize v.专攻,使专用于specialized in专攻,熟练
species species n.物种
specification specification n.详述(pl.)规格,说明书
specimen specimen样本,标本
spectacular spectacular引人入胜的,壮观的
spectator spectator n.(比赛)观众
speculate speculate vi.推测,思索(about),做投机买卖(in)
sphere sphere 球,领域atmosphere大气层spherical球状的
spinal spinal脊骨的spinal cord/marrow脊髓spine n.脊骨
spiral spiral a.螺旋的v.盘旋
split split v./n.分裂,闹矛盾,裂口split apart
spoil spoil v.毁坏,破坏,惯坏
sponge sponge n.海绵
spontaneous spontaneous自发的,天生就会的
spotlight spotlight聚光灯,强调,使醒目
spray spray  n.喷雾v.喷射sprayer喷雾器
sprout sprout v.萌芽n.苗芽
spur spur n.踢马刺v.刺激,鼓励
squash squash v.压扁,镇压n.南瓜,拥挤的人群
squeeze squeeze v./n.挤压,压榨
squirt squirt v.喷出squirt gun 水枪
stabilize stabilize v.使稳定
stagecoach stagecoach公共马车stage驿站
staggering staggering令人震惊的stagger v.蹒跚,摇晃
stagnant stagnant停滞不前的,死水般的
staircase staircase n.楼梯
stalk stalk茎,秆v.跟踪猎物
stand the way of stand the way of 挡住道路
staple staple n.钉书钉,主要产品(或商品)stapler钉书机
starch starch 淀粉
starfish starfish海星
starvation starvation n.饥饿,饿死
starve starve vt./vi.挨饿starve for急需
stash stash v.中断n.隐藏处
stationary stationary a.稳定的,不动的stationery文具
status status地位,身份statue雕像stature身高
steep steep陡峭的,悬崖 v.浸
steer steer v.驾驶,掌舵
stellar stellar(stel星)恒星的
stem stem茎干,词干v.滋生,阻止(from)
sterile sterile无菌的,荒芜的
sticky sticky 粘的sticky rice糯米
stiffen stiffen v.使僵硬,使粘稠stiff僵硬的,呆板的
stimulus stimulus n.刺激物,兴奋剂,刺激stimuli(pl.)
sting sting v./n.刺,刺痛
stitch stitch v.缝n.一针,针脚
stockcar stockcar家畜用车厢,比赛用汽车
stoneman stoneman石匠,石工
stout stout结实的,矮胖的n.矮胖子
strained strained紧张的stain拉紧,扭伤n.(动物,粮食)品种
strand strand n.绳之一股v.船搁浅standed陷入困境的
stratum stratum n.地层,社会阶层strata (pl.)
stretch stretch v.延伸,扩展n.一段时间,路程
stride stride v.大步走n.步幅astride横跨着地
strike strike 罢工,打击
striking striking触目惊心的,显著的,打击的strikingly adv.
string string n.线,弦
stringent stringent a.严厉的,迫切的,银根紧的
strip strip v.剥 n.条
strive strive v.努力strive to do sth.
stroke stroke n.球的一击,船的一划,绘画的一笔,
stylize stylized程式化的
subduce subduce除去subduct?减去deduction减法
subject to subject to使服从,使遭受
submerge submerge v.淹没
submit submit v.递交,使服从
subsequent subsequent随后的
subside subside vi.暴风雨平息
subsidize subsidize v.资助,津贴,建立子公司subsidy n.   subsidiary company子公司subsidiary bank分行
subsist subsist v.用粮食供养,生存subsistence必需品
substantial substantial a.实在的 ,坚固的,充实的
substantive substantive a.本质上的,大量的
substitute substitute v./n.代替,代替品 substitute A for B用A代替B
subterranean subterranean a.地下的Mediterranean sea地中海
subtile subtile a.微妙的
subtract subtract v.减去(from)
successive successive a. 继承的,连续的
succinct succinct(cinct剪)a.简洁的,紧身的succinctness n.
sufficient sufficient a.足够的sufficency n.
summit summit n.顶峰,最高阶层a.政府首脑的peak
sumptuous sumptuous a.奢侈的,华丽的
superficial superficial a.表面的,浅薄的
superior superior n.长者,上级a.较高的,出众的
supernature supernatural超自然的,神奇的superstition 迷信
supplement supplement n..补充,附录complement互补
suppress suppress vt.压制,镇压
supreme supreme a.极高的,崇高的
surface surface n./a.表面(的)v.浮现出来,暴露
surging surging n.汹涌surge n./v.
surpass surpass vt.超越,胜过
sustain sustain vt.支持,支撑,提供食品
sustained sustained a.持续的,一贯的
sustenance sustenance n.食物,粮食必需品
swamp swamp n.沼泽 v.淹没
swarm swarm n.蜂群,一大群v.涌往,云集
sweep sweep v.扫,席卷sweeping扫荡的,彻底的
symbiotic symbiotic a.共生的symbiosis n.共生
symmetrical symmetrical a.对称的symmetry n.对称
sympathetic sympathetic a.同情的sympathy n.同情
synthetic synthetic(thet放syn共同) a.合成的,综合的
syrup syrup n.糖浆,果汁caugh syrup止咳糖浆
 T
tableland tableland n.高原
take into account take into account 考虑到,重视
tariff tariff n.关税
tavern tavern n.小酒馆,客栈
tectonics tectonics构造地质学tectonic构造的,建筑的
tedium tedium n.冗长,沉闷tedious单调乏味的,冗长的
telegraph telegraph n.电报
temple temple n.庙宇,太阳穴
temporal temporal a.暂时的,世俗的
tenant tenant房客,v.出租
tendency tendency n.倾向
tenement tenement房产,房屋的总称
tentacle tentacle n.(动物)触须,触角
terminal terminal n.终端,终点站
terminology terminology n.术语学
terrace terrace n.梯田,台地,阳台
terrain terrain(ter地) n.地形地貌
terrane terrane n.岩层terraneous陆生的
terrestrial terrestrial a.地球上的,陆地的~globe地球仪
terrene terrene n.地球,陆地,土质的
testify to testify to证实
textile textile(tex纵横交错) n.纺织品
texture texture n.(织品的)质地,结构
thigh thigh n.大腿,股
thread thread n.线,线索,思路
three-dimensional three-dimensional三维的,立体的
thrive thrive v.兴旺,蓬勃发展
thunder storm thunder storm n.雷雨
tilt tilt v.(使)倾斜tilted歪斜的
timber timber(加工好的)木料;timbre(音乐的)音色,音质
time consuming time consuming耗时间的,旷日持久的  energy consuming耗精力的  all comsuming又耗时间又耗精力的
timid timid a.胆小的timidity n.
tissue tissue细胞组织结构
to and fro to and fro来回走
tolerance tolerance n.宽容tolerate vt.容忍某人做某事
topographical topographical地形学的topography地形学,拓扑学
topology topology n.拓扑,布局
tornado tornado(torn转)龙卷风hurricane飓风typhoon台风  cyclone 旋风cyclone cellar地下避风室
torpedo torpedo n.鱼雷
torque torque n.手镯,扭矩,转矩
torrent torrent n.洪流torrential rain大雨
toxic toxic 有毒的
trace trace动物留下的踪迹,痕迹
track track n.轨道,小路
trail trail n.踪迹,小路v.跟踪
trample trample v./n.践踏
tranquility tranquility n.安静,平静
transcend transcend vt.超越,超过
transcendent transcendent a.卓越的,超然的
transfer transfer v.转移,转学,转帐
transform transform v.改变形状,转化transformation n.
transition transition n.过渡时期
translucent translucent a.半透明的translucence n.
transparent transparent a.透明的
transmit transmit v.发射信号,传播
transmitter transmitter n.转送者,发报机,发射器
transplant transplant v./n.移植
trap trap n.陷阱v.设圈套,陷害
tread tread  n./v.踏tread on eggs如履薄冰
treason treason n.叛国罪,背信
tremendous tremendous a.巨大的
trench trench n./v.沟,挖战壕  intreched a.根深蒂固的
trend trend 潮流,倾向
tribal tribal 种族的tribe部落
trickle trickle v.滴流,涓涓细流
trigger trigger n.扳机vt.引起,引发
tropical tropical 热带的,热情的
tub tub n.浴盆,大桶
tube tube 软管子
tumble tumble v.翻滚n.摔跤,平底玻璃杯  goblet  n.高脚玻璃杯, 酒杯
tundra tundra n. 苔原, 冻土地带
tunnel tunnel n.隧道
turbulence turbulence n.骚乱,(气流)紊乱
turbulent turbulent 混乱的,搅乱的
turnpike turnpike收费公路 toll-gate收费站
turquoise turquoise n.绿松石
twine twine n.麻线v.使缠绕  intertwine v.使纠缠intertwined纠缠不清的  interlocking连锁的
twist twist n./v.扭曲
typify typify v.成为典型,代表
tyrannical tyrannical a.残暴的tyrant n.暴君
 U
ultrasonic ultrasonic 超声波的transsonic超音速的  supersonic超声波,超音波的
unadorned unadorned 未装饰的,朴素的
unbridgeable unbridgeable a.不能架桥的,不能逾越的
uncharted uncharted 海图上未标明的,不详的
undergo undergo vt.遭受(苦难)
underlying underlying a.潜在的,作为基础的,根本的
undertake undertake v.承担
undoubted undoubted 不容置疑的,确实的
unexplored unexplored未开发的,未探索的
unfertilized unfertilized未施肥的,未受精的
unimaginable unimaginable不可想象的
uninhabited uninhabited没人居住的
unpalatable unpalatable(palate上腭)味道差的,不好吃的
unprecedented unprecedented空前的
unpredictable unpredictable a.不可预知的
unpromising unpromising无希望的
unravel unravel v.拆开,解开
unregistered unregistered未注册的
unsubstantiated unsubstantiated(substantiate证实)未证实的
untouched untouched未触动的,不受感动的
upgrade upgrade(计算机)更新,升级
upland upland n.丘陵地
urban urban城市的,市内的
urbanism urbanism都市生活
urbanite urbanite都市人
urbanization urbanization农村的都市化urbanize v.使都市化
usher usher领座员 v.引导
utilitarian utilitarian功利主义的utility/facility用品
utilization utilization n.利用utilize v.利用
Utopian Utopian乌托邦的,理想化的
utterly utterly完全地utter v.说话
 V
vacancy vacancy n.空vacant空的
vanish vanish vi.消失
variable variable易变的,不定的n.变量
variance variance n.差异,不同
varnish varnish n.清漆,凡立水
vault vault地下室,银行地下库
vegetation vegetation植被
veil veil面纱,v.掩饰
veining veining矿脉,叶脉的排列vein静脉,叶脉
velocity velocity速度
venerable venerable庄严的,可敬的
vent vent通风口ventilatev.使通风
venture venture vn.冒险adventure
verse verse诗歌的总称
version version版本,译本
vertebrate vertebrate脊椎动物vertebra脊椎骨
vertical vertical垂直的
vessel vessel船的总称,容器
viable viable能够活下去的viability生存能力
vigilance vigilance(vig看) n.警惕,警觉
violence violence 暴力non-violence非暴力行为
viral viral滤过性毒菌的virus病毒
viscosity viscosity n. 粘质, 粘性viscous粘的
vivid vivid生动的,颜色鲜艳的
void void空的,无人的,无用的
volatile volatile挥发性的,脾气反复无常的
volcanic volcanic火山的volcano火山
voracious voracious(vor吃)贪吃的voracity n.贪食,贪婪  carnivore(vor吃)食肉动物
vulnerable vulnerable易受攻击的,易受外界影响的
 W
waist waist腰wrist手腕
walnut walnut胡桃
ward off ward off挡住,避开ward病房
warehouse warehouse仓库
warily warily警惕地
wary to wary of警觉的
water water course水道
waxy waxy象蜡的,苍白的
weary weary疲劳的,厌倦的
weather weather v.风化weathering n.侵蚀,风化
weird weird 怪异的
weld weld焊接solder
well-being well-being社会安宁富有的状态
well-organized well-organized组织机构好的状态
whim whim n.一时的兴致,反复无常  do sth. at whim
whimsical whimsical a.(女孩子)反复无常的whimsy n.怪念头
whittle whittle v.切,削
wholesale wholesale批发
wholesome wholesome健康的,卫生的
willow willow柳树
witness witness目击者v.亲眼目睹
wrap wrap 包wrap up包起来,掩饰
wrack wrack n.船失事,v.完全损坏
wreck wreck 失事船或飞机,残骸
wreckage wreckage n.失事,遭难 restling n.摔跤wrestle n./v.
 Y
yawn yawn打呵欠
yarn yarn纱线
yield yield n.粮食产量v.屈服(to)
yolk/yelk yolk/yelk蛋黄
 Z
zealous zealous热情的zeal n.热情

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